Before selecting a karate school for your child, make sure you know and understand which form of karate you’re enrolling him/her into. Generally speaking, there are two different types of karate classes, traditional karate and sport karate.
Both types involve learning fighting techniques, but they differ in many other aspects. Traditional karate emphasizes self-development (budo), whereas sport karate emphasizes exercise and competition.
Here are the key differences between the two.
History and Origin
Traditional karate is the original karate. It came into existence as a fighting art in Okinawa, Japan. The original karate has its roots in ‘Tode’, a weaponless self-defence system. It is influenced by Chinese martial arts and has a history that’s over two thousand years old. On the other hand, sport karate descended from traditional karate. The techniques of this art are based on the stances on punches and kicks of the Japanese karate, but were adapted to be more competitive.
Objective and Purpose
The objective behind traditional karate is self-defence and survival. It is based on the concept of ‘finishing blow’, meaning the last blow of the fight that is sufficient to render the attacking opponent unconscious/ unable to fight. In traditional karate competitions, the point is awarded to the person that gets the finishing blow. The purpose of this fighting technique is to develop well-balanced mind and body through training.
Sport karate is more about competition and scoring points. The points are awarded to the fastest and the most precise hit on the target with a foot or fist, so there is no need for the finishing blow. The purpose is to cultivate the fighting spirit and win the battle.
Set-up and Atmosphere
In traditional karate schools, the training atmosphere has a minimalist approach. Hardwood floors and negligible fixtures are inspired by the conventional karate teachings found in Japanese dojos.
Sport karate classes are conducted in a modern set-up where mats replace hardwood floors. Matted floors are installed to provide a safer environment, especially for children. Big, wall-sized mirrors are placed to give a studio-like appearance.
Weight of the Opponent
In a traditional karate competition, the weight and height of the opponent don’t matter. The aim is to unite the body’s power into a single blow (finishing blow). In a sport karate competition, there’s weight categories established. There are 8 different weight categories.
Traditional karate is a lifetime study and pursuit. In this form of karate, one practices techniques repeatedly to perfect them. The techniques are crisp, showing power and control over the body.
In sport karate, the techniques are more fluid and reactive, designed for modern-day combat. Sometimes, other techniques are also adapted to make the students learn the most effective way of self-defence.
Both traditional and sport karate are of value but differ on their origin, objective, set-up and techniques. To put it simply, traditional karate is an art, whereas sport karate is a sports event.