Before selecting a karate school for your child, make sure you know and understand which form of karate you’re enrolling him/her into. Generally speaking, there are two different types of karate classes, traditional karate and sport karate.
Both types involve learning fighting techniques, but they differ in many other aspects. Traditional karate emphasizes self-development (budo), whereas sport karate emphasizes exercise and competition.
Here are the key differences between the two.
History and Origin
Traditional karate is the original karate. It came into existence as a fighting art in Okinawa, Japan. The original karate has its roots in ‘Tode’, a weaponless self-defence system. It is influenced by Chinese martial arts and has a history that’s over two thousand years old. On the other hand, sport karate descended from traditional karate. The techniques of this art are based on the stances on punches and kicks of the Japanese karate, but were adapted to be more competitive.
Objective and Purpose
The objective behind traditional karate is self-defence and survival. It is based on the concept of ‘finishing blow’, meaning the last blow of the fight that is sufficient to render the attacking opponent unconscious/ unable to fight. In traditional karate competitions, the point is awarded to the person that gets the finishing blow. The purpose of this fighting technique is to develop well-balanced mind and body through training.
Sport karate is more about competition and scoring points. The points are awarded to the fastest and the most precise hit on the target with a foot or fist, so there is no need for the finishing blow. The purpose is to cultivate the fighting spirit and win the battle.
Set-up and Atmosphere
In traditional karate schools, the training atmosphere has a minimalist approach. Hardwood floors and negligible fixtures are inspired by the conventional karate teachings found in Japanese dojos.
Sport karate classes are conducted in a modern set-up where mats replace hardwood floors. Matted floors are installed to provide a safer environment, especially for children. Big, wall-sized mirrors are placed to give a studio-like appearance.
Weight of the Opponent
In a traditional karate competition, the weight and height of the opponent don’t matter. The aim is to unite the body’s power into a single blow (finishing blow). In a sport karate competition, there’s weight categories established. There are 8 different weight categories.
Traditional karate is a lifetime study and pursuit. In this form of karate, one practices techniques repeatedly to perfect them. The techniques are crisp, showing power and control over the body.
In sport karate, the techniques are more fluid and reactive, designed for modern-day combat. Sometimes, other techniques are also adapted to make the students learn the most effective way of self-defence.
Both traditional and sport karate are of value but differ on their origin, objective, set-up and techniques. To put it simply, traditional karate is an art, whereas sport karate is a sports event.
Benefits of Karate Classes
Whether you practice the traditional or sport form, here are some benefits of karate classes that both children and adults can enjoy.
1. Full Body Exercise
While activities like weightlifting and running focus on specific body parts or muscles, karate requires the use of your entire body. This means all your muscles are engaged during training sessions, which can improve your stamina, flexibility and strength.
2. Enhanced Mobility
Karate practitioners need to master both their agility and mobility to perform movements effectively. If you’re looking to improve your body’s response to pressure, practicing karate is a good idea. Moreover, on days when you might not be feeling great, the speed and movement involved in certain practices can improve your awareness.
3. Better Cardiovascular Health
Karate is an excellent way to improve your cardiovascular health since the activity increases demands on your heart and need for oxygen. Regular practice will see an improvement in your heart health that greatly reduces your risk of heart disease or stroke.
4. Improved Reflexes and Coordination
Consistent karate training results in improved coordination and reflexes. Learning new techniques and movements improves hand, eye and body coordination. Additionally, karate practitioners need fast reflexes, whether for dodging or blocking attacks while fighting in competition or simply sparring. Consistent practice improves reflexes and reaction times.
5. Effective Weight Loss
Karate is a great form of daily physical activity. By keeping active and engaging all muscle groups, it can improve your metabolism and help you lose weight efficiently. All you need to do is practice three to four times a week to see the changes.
6. Visible Muscle Toning
Karate training increases muscle mass and tones all muscle groups. Certain positions, such as the horse and front stances, strengthen your abdominals while kicking and punching improve your arms, legs and core. And because metabolism and muscle mass are connected, the greater your muscle mass, the higher your body’s metabolic rate and ability to burn calories, even while at rest.
7. Heightened Confidence
When students learn karate, they aren’t just learning a fighting technique but how to defend themselves and their loved ones. This allows fighters to feel confident, braver and more powerful.